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Paris Agreement Ndc Targets

Published on 10 października, 2021

The Paris Agreement NDC Targets: What They Are and Why They Matter

The Paris Agreement, adopted in 2015, is a historic international pact aimed at combatting climate change. Under the agreement, nations pledged to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius.

To achieve these goals, each country submitted a Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). NDCs are essentially each country`s plan for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and adapting to the impacts of climate change.

The Paris Agreement set a deadline of 2020 for countries to update and enhance their NDCs. Despite the disruption caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, many countries managed to meet this deadline and submitted more ambitious targets than before.

So, what are some of the key NDC targets that countries have set?

Firstly, many countries have committed to achieving net-zero emissions by a certain year. Net-zero means that a country`s greenhouse gas emissions are balanced out by the removal of emissions from the atmosphere through methods such as carbon capture and storage, afforestation and reforestation, and soil carbon sequestration.

Some countries, such as the UK and Sweden, have set a net-zero target for 2050. Others, such as Japan and South Korea, have set a target of achieving net-zero by 2050 or shortly thereafter.

Secondly, many countries have pledged to increase the share of renewable energy in their energy mix. For example, Japan has set a target of achieving a 22-24% share of renewables in its electricity generation by 2030, while the European Union has set a target of at least 32% by the same year.

Thirdly, many NDCs focus on reducing emissions in key sectors such as transport, buildings, and industry. For example, the US has set a target of reducing emissions from the power sector by 2035, while China has pledged to peak its carbon emissions before 2030 and increase the share of non-fossil fuels in primary energy consumption to around 25%.

Finally, many countries have set adaptation targets, which focus on building resilience to the impacts of climate change. For example, India`s NDC includes a plan to increase the resilience of its agriculture sector to climate change by improving irrigation, expanding crop insurance, and promoting agroforestry.

These are just a few examples of the NDC targets that countries have set. However, the success of the Paris Agreement will depend on countries actually meeting these targets. This will require significant political will, as well as investment in clean technologies, infrastructure, and adaptation measures.

In conclusion, the Paris Agreement NDC targets are important because they represent each country`s contribution to the global effort to combat climate change. By meeting these targets, we can work towards a more sustainable and resilient future for ourselves and for future generations.

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